For the wealthy few, `the sky’s the limit’ in terms of what can be accomplished in a dedicated home theater.  For the rest of us, the challenge is to create a World-Class Home Theater System on shoe-string budget.  After spending my formative years designing home theaters for every income bracket, I found myself at the ripe old age of 61, sitting in a cabin in Wisconsin, wondering how to incorporate a dedicated home theater into an open living-dining-kitchen area.  To further complicate the situation, it couldn’t just be any home theater – after all, I had my reputation to consider.  It had to be dynamic, unique and most of all – hidden.

So, my challenge was to design and fit a great home theater into a one-area scheme without intruding on the room or detracting from the intended purpose of either the living, dining or kitchen areas.  In other words, I needed to create a miracle, and all I had to really work with was one blank wall (which, while being a wall that all eyes would be drawn to upon entering the area, was ALSO the wall that all eyes would be drawn to upon entering the area!)

Well, I must have sat in my `thinking’ recliner, starring at THE wall, for at least two weeks, building every possible type of theater-scenario in my mind, only to tear it down again as a result of some aspect that didn’t work with the original intention of the area.   I must have eliminated a hundred designs that would have otherwise `taken over’ the area. 

Finally, I resigned myself to the fact that I would have to create a new protocol as I went along.   I began by painting my only wall a light grey to differentiate it from the rest of the Living room.  Next, I installed a `fixed’ 92” HD screen to the wall, centering it between the two sides and keeping it slightly above eye-level when seated.  As I feared, once mounted, it immediately became the focal point of the entire area. When someone came to visit, they commented on how the entire area had now become a theater, relegating the living room to a single purpose, and even pulling the dining and kitchen into the realm of the theater proper.  My wife just smiled, knowing that I must have something up my sleeve.  The problem was that at the time, I was wearing short sleeves.

Nevertheless, I rolled them up and moved on to step two.  I went to the local lumber yard and purchased sufficient lumber to build a 22” x 22” x 8’ `box’ that would house the front left, center and right cabinet speakers.  (There is no substitution for cabinet speakers, especially if you are serious about your sound.)  I used 2×4’s to make the frame, and 1×4’s and 1×12’s to finish the front, with birch completing the sides.  No specific bottom or back was created, leaving the internal frame structure to take on a `Swiss-cheese’ complexion in order to eliminate as many parallel surfaces as possible. 

To complete the `box’, air and sound circulation was incorporated using 3 `tin grates’ across the front, (a remnant from my last `window-seat theater box’).  Tin grates are easy to paint and sonically `disappear’ as a result of their low-mass qualities.  Also, with a little silicone around the inside edges, vibration remains substantially below human detection.  To achieve some type of cosmetic `blending’, the `box’ and grates were painted the same color as the wall.

At this point, I was looking at a rather plain `box’, albeit one that blended quite well into the wall.   But I was still looking at a 92” fixed screen in the center of the wall, and as long as that screen was in full view, the entire area continued to take on the persona of a theater, rather than a home living-dining-kitchen area that would otherwise `convert’ to a theater.

Another two weeks passed, as I again took up my `thinking’ position in my recliner, staring at the wall, and validating the rumor that I had lost my mind.  Nevertheless, I kept sitting there – running through a thousand ideas in my mind.  Then I came to idea number one-thousand and one, and it all became clear.  I told my wife that we were buying a room divider.  Although my wife thought that I had finally met a design challenge that had beaten me, she held off on calling the proper authorities…for the time being, because she could see that I had other things on my mind…

In any event, after searching the Internet for just the `right’ room divider, I came upon one that was, in essence, a huge double-sided photograph of a forest divided into 6 panels.

I desperately needed something that would displace the screen as the `new’ focal point of the area.  The room divider fit the bill, both in terms of esthetics and physical size (6’x8’). In addition, it weighed very little, thereby making it ideal to mount on the wall, over the screen.  By further removing the center hinges of the room divider, it became a two-part object that opened in the middle.

Now I felt that I had at last solved the riddle of the wall that took over the area.  With the room divider closed, it indeed took over the area, but now it made a design statement and perfectly complemented a cabin, where looking at our new `forest wall’ was not that different than looking out our sliding-glass doors. Conversely, with the room divider open, the screen was now flanked by two scenes of water flowing over stones, creating still another `inviting’ scene and minimizing the starkness of the wall.

Having solved the design problem of the area, it was now time to create the workings of the system itself.  A projector, electronics, front and rear speakers and subwoofer all had to work within the area…and they all had to be hidden.

So, I went back to my reclining `think tank’ and spent another week thinking about the various ways that I could accomplish the rest of this task.  I decided to incorporate a `hide in plain sight’ strategy.  My wife and I went out looking for a coffee-table that would fit into the cabin-environment, yet also provide sufficient inside dimensions to accommodate the equipment (as well as to provide enough inside height to dissipate the heat that the equipment would generate).  After some hunting, we found a coffee table that worked for both of us.  It was large enough to house my electronics, and it looked like it belonged in a cabin. 

Although many of the new front projectors have adjustments for off-set installations, digital artifacts are greatly minimized when firing a projector directly onto the screen from the front (or directly from the back).  Therefore, I was thankful to have luck on my side – because the coffee table worked well for both design and function when set in direct line-of-sight with the `box’, at about 13 feet away from the screen.

The rest of the system fell into place. I researched front-projectors for one that would have a high enough light output, be affordable and yet still provide a reasonable lamp life, when set to full output.   Although there are several projectors that would satisfy the specifications of my area, I ultimately choose one whose support and warranty departments have gone `above and beyond’ when dealing with problems.  I choose an `Infocus’ DLP model.  `Infocus’ has always been a dependable product, and their service department is second-to-none.  More than once, over the years, I had called them with a customers’ dying lamp, and they responded by sending a replacement overnight.  In other cases, if I sent a dead unit to their repair center, their response was to send back a working unit (in a timely fashion, and many times without charge).

Next, I needed a surround receiver that would not only perform with the best electronics, but also physically fit into the coffee table.  Although I have always been partial to the NAD product, their units were just too large for my coffee table. Ultimately, I choose the Marantz NR 1501 receiver.  Its short chassis and high quality sound would give full-size units a run for their money.  (And in the end, it out-performed many full-size products within the context of the environment it was utilized in.)

A Blu-Ray player was chosen to take advantage of  the 1080p resolution of the projector, and although I have always chosen Sony for `out of the box performance’, I instead used an `LG’ for its clear and simple menu, and its impressive load time.

Next, I needed a subwoofer that would also perform, but in a small-enough package, so as to hide under an end table.  My first choice would have normally been the PSB model 5i, however its physical size precluded my using it.  In addition, its’ placement would have presented wiring difficulties.  So, I choose the Polk Audio wireless model.  (The quality of Polk Audio is never a mistake.)

Now the rear-channel speakers presented their own problems.  First, there was no place to locate surround speakers either on the rear walls or floor.  However, I was once again fortunate to have had a beam running the full length of the cathedral ceiling which was directly over the coffee table/seating area.  Utilizing what would normally be small exterior speakers, I again choose Polk Audio Atrium model speakers for the rear channels because they were easily mounted tight to the ceiling on one side of the beam – and as they were available in white, their presence went all but unnoticed.  Thereafter, by aiming them down at the seating area, a full-spectrum surround was accomplished.

Finally, everything was wired through the floor (which was wood), and originated under the coffee table.

I didn’t think it was possible, but a miracle is what I needed, and after all was said and done, a miracle is what I got.  Now, however, it was time to see whether or not I had completed my goal of accomplishing a dynamic and unique theater on a shoestring budget. Here then, is what I spent.

Note: all costs are approximate, and model numbers may have changed.

`Fixed Screen’, 92” Da-Lite  HD or similar   $ 550.00
Projector: Infocus DLP HD  model IN 124 Infocus (or similar) $ 500.00
Marantz NR 1501 Surround Receiver (or similar) $ 400.00
LG Blu-Ray player (or similar) $ 200.00
Surge Suppressor/Multi-Outlet  $ 50.00
Subwoofer, Polk Audio Wireless model (or similar) $ 300.00
Front L, C & R speakers, Behringer B2030P @ $ 125.00 ea = $ 375.00
Rear Speakers, Polk Audio Atrium 4, white  $ 100.00
Unified Remote Control, Universal Remote MX-450 or similar $ 200.00
8’x6’ 6-panel Room Divider   $ 300.00
Lumber to build `Box’ $ 350.00
14 ga. Hi-strand, Oxygen-free copper spkr wire (300ft. @ .50ft) $ 150.00
HDMI cables to projector & to Blu-Ray @ $ 25.00 ea $ 50.00
Labor to do it yourself $ 0
Approximate Total Cost $ 3525.00


Paul Fida; a Brief Bio

A 30+ year veteran of the Custom Audio/Video Installation Industry, Paul designed his first `Home Theater’ (such as it was), in 1980, and he never looked back.  Throughout his career, Paul saw a need for a comprehensive management tool, specifically directed at those with an interest in custom installation, but lacking the management skills necessary to keep a custom installation company profitable.  Then, in the late 90’s, Paul traded-in his tools for a computer and wrote the industry’s first `how to’ guide, entitled `Management in a Bottle, How to Start and Effectively Manage your Custom Audio/Video Installation Company’  It quickly became a popular guide for those new to the industry, as well as those interested in sharpening their management skills.  Paul has since written various management articles for the industry, as well as two additional books; `Prescription for Management’ (a practical guide for mid-level managers, employing altruistic management techniques), and `Taking Home the Prize’, a practical guide to sales, intended to be a companion tutor and sales `advisor’ – to fill the void in current sales training programs. Recaps of all three books can be found at In the meantime, Paul has spent the last few years developing protocol for a new trade-show format, calledInstallerfare (Investors are welcome.) (Note: please email for the latest in reduced pricing and delivery time for books in print, as well as availability and pricing for PDF format.)